• Eunike Kristi Julistiono Petra Christian University
  • Lilianny Siegit Arifin Petra Christian University
  • Bisatya Widadya Maer Petra Christian University



Adaptable space, do it yourself, lightweight material, modular construction, transformable partition


Vertical housings have been developed to solve housing quality degradation due to rapid urbanization. These housings are often lack of privacy and comfort, since the lay-out mostly consists of one open plan space with limited area. This paper presents a lightweight and multi-purpose partition to improve the living quality in vertical housings. The lightweight characteristic is intended to minimize structural loads, while the multi-purpose property allows the partition to be transformed into some furniture for spatial efficiency. A literature review and material surveys were performed prior to material selection and the design process. Then, physical model experiments were carried out to simulate the installation process and the transformation process of the partition modules into some furniture. Result show that the partition’s weight is only 11-36.7% of the common partition wall, and when installed, the transformable property enables an adaptable space which can be adjusted to the occupants’ different conditions.


Adisurya, S.I. 2016. Kajian besaran ruang pada unit rumah susun di Jakarta. [Study of area adequacy at vertical housing units in Jakarta]. Dimensi 1(1): 93-112 [in Bahasa Indonesia].

Al-Kodmany, K. 2018. The sustainability of tall build-ing developments: A conceptual framework. Buildings, 8(7). DOI:10.3390/buildings8010007.

Bremner, T.W. 2008. Lightweight concrete. In Mindess, S. (ed.). Developments in the formulation and reinforcement of concrete. Woodhead Publishing, Cambridge. DOI: 10.1533/97818456 94685.167

Ferdous, W., Bai, Y., Ngo, T.D., Manalo, A. & Mendis, P. 2019. New advancements, challenges and opportunities of multi-storey modular buildings – A state-of-the-art review. Engineering Structures, 183, 883-893. DOI:10.1016/j.engstruct.2019.01. 061.

Generalova, E.M., Generalov, V.P. & Kuznetsova, A.A. 2016. Modular buildings in modern con-struction. Procedia Engineering 153: 167-172. DOI: 10.1016/j.proeng.2016.08.098

Hays, J. & Mason, B. 2018. 8 transforming furniture solutions for small space living. The Spruce, 17 September. Accessed July 2019 from https://www.

Himasree, P.R., Ganesan, N. & Indira, P.V. 2017. Bamboo as a substitute for steel in reinforced concrete wall panels. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 80 (012041): 1-8. DOI:10.1088/1755-1315/80/1/012041

Husain, S.F. & Shariq, M. 2018. Low cost modular housing - A review. International Conference on Advances in Construction Materials and Struc-tures. IIT Roorkee, Roorkee, India. https://www.

Jin, R., Gao, S., Cheshmehzangi, A. & Aboagye-Nimo, E. 2018. A holistic review of off-site construction literature published between 2008 and 2018. Journal of Cleaner Production, 202, 1202-1219. DOI:10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.08.195.

Julistiono, E.K. 2011. Sustainable incremental house with modular construction. Proceedings of International Conference "Local Wisdom in Global Era". Duta Wacana Christian University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. user_files/04-001/Paper%20CIB%20Eunike.pdf

Mateus, R., Neiva, S., Braganca, L., Mendonca, P. & Macieira, M. 2013. Sustainability assessment of an innovative lightweight building technology for partition wall - Comparison with conventional technologies. Building and Environment 67: 147-159. DOI:10.1016/j.buildenv.2013.05.012

Novais, R.M., Senff, L., Carvalheiras, J., Seabra, M.P., Pullar, R.C., & Labrincha J.A. 2019. Sustainable and efficient cork inorganic polymer composites: An innovative and ecofriendly approach to produce ultra-lightweight and low thermal conductivity materials. Cement and Concrete Composites 97: 107-117. DOI: 10.1016/ j.cemconcomp.2018.12.024.

Putra, Y.M.P. 2016. Pemkot Surabaya tambah 18 titik rusun [Surabaya Government adds 18 new vertical housings]. Republika, 6 April [in Bahasa Indonesia]. Accessed May 2019 from https://www. sxg284-pemkot-surabaya-tambah-18-titik-rusun

Rogers, S.A. 2016. Small space shape shifters: 13 Transforming furniture designs. Web Urbanist, 25 May. Accessed July 2019 from

Simorangkir, E. 2018. Pemerintah cuma bisa bangun 52.000 rusun hingga 2019. [Government can only build 52,000 vertical housing units up to 2019]. Detikfinance, 13 September [in Bahasa Indonesia]. Accessed May 2019 from cuma-bisa-bangun-52000-rusun-hingga-2019.

Tambun, L.T. 2019. Tahun ini, DKI bangun tujuh rusun baru senilai Rp 709 M. [This year, Jakarta will build 7 new vertical housings worth 709 bil-lions]. Berita Satu, 18 January [in Bahasa Indonesia]. Accessed May 2019 from https://www.beritasatu. com/megapolitan/ 533300/tahun-ini-dki-bangun-tujuh-rusun-baru-senilai-rp-709-m.

Wang, L. 2017. Amazing building made from 1.5 million plastic bottles withstands fires and earthquakes. Inhabitat, 15 May. Accessed May 2019 from

Widayanto, E., Krisnamurti & Aswatama, K. 2011. Pengembangan model dinding pracetak dari limbah jerami sebagai pengganti bata pada rumah di wilayah rawan gempa. [Development of precast wall model made from straw waste, as replacement of bricks, for houses at earthquake prone area]. Rekayasa 8(1): 13-24 [in Bahasa Indonesia].