THE INFLUENCE OF VEGETATION TO INDOOR ILLUMINANCE, AIR TEMPERATURE AND RELATIVE HUMIDITY IN DESIGN STUDIO (Case Study: Architecture Department, Petra Christian University, Surabaya)
This research aimed to find the influence of vegetation outside the window to indoor light and thermal in Design studio, Architecture department of Petra Christian University, Surabaya. The vegetation was Shibataea kumasasa, cultivated in planter boxes, 90-100 centimeter high. The data was collected from the West and North window, for condition with and without vegetation outside the window. The measurement was taken on March until May 2019, using Hobo U12-012 data logger for measuring air temperature (°C), relative humidity (%) and illuminance (lux). Beside those physical measurement, the perception of 89 students as building user was also taken. The measurement result from windows facing West and North with the vegetation, the lowest indoor air temperature was 27°C with an average relative humidity of 70%. Meant it's at the upper edge of the comfort zoneof Bioclimatic Chart from Olgyay and Canada’s National Occupational Health & Safety Resource (CCOHS), so the indoor space was still uncomfortable and cooling was required to get into the comfort zone at warm humid climate. Result from lighting measurements obtained for west-oriented windows with vegetation outside the window, the highest illuminance was 350 lux at 02:45 pm, as well as for windows facing North at 07.30 am - 04.45 pm in range of 105 - 155 lux (highest). So, if there are vegetation outside windows, it will require electric lighting addition, because the illuminance are below the SNI 03-6197-2011which recommends 750 lux for design studio. Whilst the user respond from the questionnaire taken, stated that aesthetic vegetation was expected for natural element, blocked the penetration of solar radiation into indoor, and reduce glare to increase visual comfort without reducing luminous sufficiency for the visual activities in the design studio.
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