• Yusfan Adeputera Yusran



Open-air museum, vernacular/traditional houses, conservation.


Undisputedly, globalization has changed the human beings. Unexceptionally the way we live. The value of tradition is slowly fading, replaced by modern lifestyles with all its pragmatism. Traditional houses are also abandoned gradually, changed by contemporary modern houses. Then, where these traditional houses should be? Fortunately for the locals who are still committed to consistently withstand with their traditions. In contrast to other deteriorated cultural peoples, which most of them are no longer willing to dwell their inherited houses. Here, open-air museum arose to be reconsidered. Behind its controversy, open-air museum has been an answer to the phenomenon of conservation in Europe. In the midst of the controversy over the value of the place, open-air museum become a solution for European when their traditional houses increasingly burdensome in terms of maintenance. This paper aims to give an image of how Austrians preserve their traditional/vernacular houses. Six biggest open-air vernacular/traditional houses museums that dispersed on characterized-cultural region over Austria will be described comparatively here in order to give a description about the prospect for Indonesia. There are numerous principles that could be considered as guidelines, both as a theoretical framework and technical issues. Resulted recommendation could be used as hints in conserving Indonesian traditional houses in a different perspective.


Attoe, W. (1978). Architecture and Critical Imagination. John Wiley & Sons. [Crossref]

Direktorat Pelestarian Cagar Budaya dan Permuseuman, Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebuda-yaan Republik Indonesia. (2015). Permasalahan dan Tantangan Pengembangan Museum. Available: [Crossref]

Groat, L. N. & Wang, D. (2002). Architectural Research Methods. John Wiley & Sons. [Crossref]

Hitchcock, M. (2005). We will know our nationbetter: Taman mini and nation building in Indonesia, Civilisations, 52-2 | 2005, pp.45-56. [Crossref]

Hurt, R. D. (1978). Agricultural Museums: A New Frontier for the Social Sciences. The History Teacher, 11(3), pp.367-375. Society for History Education, DOI: 10.2307/491627. [Crossref]

Kempers, A. J. B. (1971). Openair Museum, Some General Problems. Monumentorum Tutela Ochrana Pamiatok 9, presented at the Sympo-sium ICOMOS CSSR, pp.401-402. [Crossref]

Kerlogue, F. (2008). House, Form and Ethnic Identity: Tradition and Variation in House Style in Jambi Province. Indonesian Houses, 2, pp. 343-344. R. Schefold, P. J. M. Nas, G. Domenig, R.Wessing. KITLV Press, Leiden. [Crossref]

Kleiber-Schwartz, L. (1992). From the colonial museum to the museum of the communities. Museum No. 175 Vol. XLIV, No. 3, pp.137-141. Ethnographic and Open-air Museums. [Crossref]

Lukito, Y. N. (2016). Exhibiting Modernity and Indonesian Vernacular Architecture: Hybrid Architecture at Pasar Gambir of Batavia, the 1931 Paris International Colonial Exhibition and Taman Mini Indonesia Indah. Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden. [Crossref]

Paardekooper, R. P. (2012). The Value of an Archaeological Open-Air Museum is in Its Use: Understanding Archaeological Open-Air Museums and Their Visitors. Sidestone Press, Leiden. [Crossref]

Rentzhog, S. (2007). Open-Air Museums: The History and Future of A Visionary Idea. Jamtli Förlag, Sweden. [Crossref]

Shafernich, S. M. (1994). Open‐air museums in Denmark and Sweden: A critical review. Museum Management and Curatorship, 13(1), pp.9-37, DOI: 10.1080/09647779409515384 [Crossref]

Yusran, Y. A. (2016a). The Ebb Tide in Conserving Nusantara Architecture. Procedia Engineering, 161, pp.1343–1352. proeng.2016.08.654. [Crossref]

Yusran, Y. A. (2016b). Ex-Situ Conservation on Nusantara Architecture: Implementation and Challenges (An Overview towards TMII and Stübing Freilichtmuseum). International Journal of Structural and Civil Engineering Research, 5(1), pp. 5-11. [Crossref]