ALUN-ALUN DAN REVITALISASI IDENTITAS KOTA TUBAN

Samuel Hartono




Abstract


Alun-alun (town square) is the identity of Tuban in the past. From the existence of the square and the surrounding buildings, we can observe again the history of the old town. The influences of ancient Javanese Hinduist kingdoms (the square, the Kabupaten office), Asian trading network (the temples and Chinatown), other Asian commercial networks with the emergence of Islam (the mosque and the tomb of Sunan Bonang), and the colonial bureaucracy (judicial office, prison, post office etc) have become the evidence of this town's history. As one of the old harbour towns in the northern coastline of Java, Tuban has experienced ups and downs. In the fifteenth century, this town was one of the most important ports of Majapahit kingdom. However, in the seventeenth century, this town was deteriorated due to the sluggish river and the invasian of Mataram kingdom. During the colonial period, Tuban was a small insignificant county town. However, the town square still existed (has become the largest town square in Java) as the remnant of its time in the old history. Since the beginning of the twenty-first century, this town has attempted to regain the height of its time by restructuring the surrounding of alun-alun to be the centre and identity of the town.


Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia :

Alun-alun merupakan identitas kota Tuban dimasa lampau. Dari kehadiran alun-alun serta bangunan yang ada disekitarnya, kita bisa melihat kembali sejarah masa lalu kotanya. Pengaruh kerajaan kuno Hindu Jawa (alun-alun, kantor Kabupaten), pengaruh jaringan perdagangan Asia (kelenteng dan Pecinan), pengaruh jaringan perdagangan Asia lainnya dengan masuknya agama Islam (mesjid dan makam Sunan Bonang), serta pengaruh birokrasi kolonial (kantor pengadilan, penjara, kantor pos dsb.nya), semuanya merupakan bukti perjalanan sejarah kotanya dimasa lampau. Sebagai sebuah kota pelabuhan kuno di pesisir Utara Jawa, Tuban pernah mengalami pasang surut. Pada abad ke 15, kota ini pernah menjadi salah satu pelabuhan penting kerajaan Majapahit. Tapi pada abad ke 17, kotanya mengalami keterpurukan akibat pelabuhan nya yang mengalami pendangkalan serta invasi kerajaan Mataram. Pada masa kolonial, Tuban menjadi sebuah kota Kabupaten kecil yang kurang berarti. Tapi alun-alun Tuban ( salah satu alun-alun yang terluas di Jawa) tetap berdiri sebagai sisa-sisa kemegahan kotanya dimasa lampau. Pada awal abad ke 21, kota ini berusaha bangkit dengan penataan kembali daerah alun-alun sebagai pusat kota dan sekaligus juga jati diri kotanya.

Kata kunci: tuban, sejarah kota , alun-alun, identitas kota.


Keywords


tuban, history of town, alun-alun, identity of town.

Full Text: PDF

Template DIMENSI

The Journal is published by The Institute of Research & Community Outreach - Petra Christian University. It available online supported by Directorate General of Higher Education - Ministry of National Education - Republic of Indonesia.

©All right reserved 2016.Dimensi, ISSN: 0126-219X, e-ISSN: 2338-7858

 

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