POPULATION MOBILITY CHARACTERISTIC: NOTES FROM THE URBAN-URBAN INTERACTION IN SEMARANG METROPOLITAN REGION

MARDHOTILLAH Santi, S. Sariffuddin




Abstract


The rapid growth of cities is characterized by the "pressure" in the form of increasingly dense urban areas, slums, traffic congestion, unemployment in the cities, and the number of illegal housing in the suburbs. This issue demonstrates the need for a balance between urban and rural areas. The balance is obtained through the interaction, and the interaction there is a process of "transfer" in the form of the human population, natural resources, and other supporting components. This view of the phenomenon makes many researchers conducting various studies in the context of the interaction between rural and urban. Furthermore, the study of the interaction of cities such as Salatiga and Semarang are in fact joined in the same region, KSN Kedungsepur. Semarang and surrounding developments as Semarang Metropolitan Region (SMR) are the main attraction for the people who are around Semarang that caused an increase in the spatial interactions between Semarang and surrounding areas. From some areas belonging to KSN Kedungsepur, there are only two areas with the status of the city of Semarang city as a centre of KSN and Salatiga. This becomes interesting, unique conditions for studying the phenomenon under study is the interaction of the cities. The method used in this research was a quantitative method with descriptive analysis. Data was collected through a questionnaire survey technique primary by taking a random sample of migrants from Salatiga City and studied at the city of Semarang. The results of the study there were four mobility characteristics formed between Salatiga and Semarang, namely, commuting-boarding, boarding-commuting, boarding and boarding-permanent.


Keywords


Mobility characteristic; mobility of society; urban-urban interaction.

References


Benton-Short, L. & Price, M. (2008). Migrants to Metropolis: The Rise of Immigrant Gateway Cites, an Introduction. In M. Price & L. Benton-Short (Eds.), Migrants to the Metropolis: The Rise of Immigrant Gateway Cities. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press. [CrossRef]

Boterman, W. R. (2012). Residential Mobility of Urban Middle Classes in the Field of Parenthood. Environment and Planning A, 44(10), p.2397-2412. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1068/ a44558 [CrossRef]

Brenner, N. & Schmid, C. (2014). The ‘urban age’in question. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 38(3), p.731-755. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1468-2427.12115 [CrossRef]

Buchori, I. & Sugiri, A. (2016). An empirical examination of sustainable metropolitan development in Semarang City, Indonesia. Australian Planner, 53(3), p.163-177. doi: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1080/07293682.2016.1151905 [CrossRef]

Collins, F. L. (2011). Transnational mobilities and urban spatialities. Progress in Human Geography, 36(3), p.316-335. doi: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1177/0309132511423126 [CrossRef]

Damayanti, R. (2011). Industrialization and Informal Sector in Shaping The City: Case Study Ahme-dabad-India. DIMENSI (Journal of Architecture and Built Environment), 38(1), p.15-22. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.9744/dimensi.38.1.15-22 [CrossRef]

Datta, A. (2012). India's Ecocity? Environment, Urbanisation, and Mobility in the Making of Lavasa. Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, 30(6), p.982-996. doi: http://dx. doi.org/10.1068/c1205j [CrossRef]

Dongfeng, Y., Chengzhi, Y. & Ying, L. (2013). Urbanization and sustainability in China: An analysis based on the urbanization Kuznets-curve. Planning Theory, 12(4), p.391-405. doi: http://dx.doi. org/10.1177/1473095213485558 [CrossRef]

Duhita, D. & Virdianti, E. (2016). Urban Community Responses to Visual Appropriate Thematic Design, Super Hero Park Bandung. Jurnal Pengembangan Kota, 4(2), p.169. doi: http://dx. doi.org/10.14710/jpk.4.2.169-176 [CrossRef]

Dwiyanto, T. A. & Sariffuddin, S. (2013). Karak-teristik Belanja Warga Pinggiran Kota (Studi Kasus: Kecamatan Banyumanik Kota Sema-rang). Jurnal Pengembangan Kota, 1(2), p.118-127. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.14710/jpk.1.2.118-127 [CrossRef]

Firman, T. (2004). New town development in Jakarta Metropolitan Region: a perspective of spatial segregation. Habitat International, 28(3), p.349-368. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0197-3975 (03)00037-7 [CrossRef]

Ha, W., Yi, J., Yuan, Y. & Zhang, J. (2016). The dynamic effect of rural-to-urban migration on inequality in source villages: System GMM estimates from rural China. China Economic Review, 37, p.27-39. doi: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1016/j.chieco.2015.09.002 [CrossRef]

Hoelscher, K. & Aijaz, R. (2016). Challenges and opportunities in an urbanising India. International Area Studies Review, 19(1), p.3-11. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2233865916637297 [CrossRef]

Irawan, B. (2005). Konversi lahan sawah: potensi dampak, pola pemanfaatannya, dan faktor determinan. Paper presented at the Forum Penelitian Agro Ekonomi. [CrossRef]

Mantra, I. B. (2000). Demografi umum. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar. [CrossRef]

Mulyana, W., Dodman, D., Zhang, S. & Schensul, D. (2013). Urbanisation, Demographics and Adaptation to Climate Change in Semarang, Indonesia Technical Briefing (Vol. October 2013). Jakarta: UNFPA. [CrossRef]

Østby, G. (2015). Rural–urban migration, inequality and urban social disorder: Evidence from African and Asian cities. Conflict Management and Peace Science, 33(5), p.491-515. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0738894215581315 [CrossRef]

Pontoh, N. K. & Kustiwan, I. (2009). Pengantar Perencanaan Perkotaan. Bandung: Penerbit ITB. [CrossRef]

Portes, A. (2000). Immigration and the metropolis: Reflections on urban history. Journal of International Migration and Integration / Revue de l'integration et de la migration internationale, 1(2), p.153-175. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/ s12134-000-1000-x [CrossRef]

Prayoga, I. N. T., Esariti, L. & Dewi, D. I. K. (2013). The Identification of Early Gentrification in Tembalang Area, Semarang, Indonesia. Environment and Urbanization Asia, 4(1), p.57-71. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/110330881347 8606 [CrossRef]

Putra, D. R. & Pradoto, W. (2016). Pola Dan Faktor Perkembangan Pemanfaatan Lahan di Kecamat-an Mranggen, Kabupaten Demak. Jurnal Pengembangan Kota, 4(1), p.67. doi: http://dx. doi.org/10.14710/jpk.4.1.67-75 [CrossRef]

Satari, F. C. & Larasati, D. (2016). What it takes for Bandung to Become a Creative City of Design. In D. L. W. Skoglund (Ed.), Valuing and Evaluating Creativity ofr Sustainable Regional Development. Ostersund, Sweden: UNESCO Creative Cities Network (UCCN). [CrossRef]

Shuai, X. (2012). Does Commuting Lead to Migra-tion? Journal of regional analysis & policy, 42(3), p.237-250. [CrossRef]

Soegijoko, B. T. S., & Kusbiantoro, B. (1997). Bunga Rampai Perencanaan Pembangunan di Indo-nesia. Jakarta: Grasindo. [CrossRef]

Sugiyono. (2010). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif Kualitatif dan R&D Alfabeta. Bandung. [CrossRef]

Wibisono, D. (2013). Panduan menyusun skripsi, tesis dan disertasi. Yogyakarta: CV. Andi Offset. [CrossRef]

Wilonoyudho, S. (2014). Migration and Involution in Semarang City. Jurnal Manusia dan LIng-kungan, 21(1), p.114-120. [CrossRef]

Winters, J. V. & Li, Y. (2016). Urbanisation, Natural Amenities and Subjective Well-being: Evidence from US Counties. Urban Studies, p.1-18. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0042098016631918 [CrossRef]


Full Text: PDF

Template DIMENSI

The Journal is published by The Institute of Research & Community Outreach - Petra Christian University. It available online supported by Directorate General of Higher Education - Ministry of National Education - Republic of Indonesia.

©All right reserved 2016.Dimensi, ISSN: 0126-219X, e-ISSN: 2338-7858

 

shopify visitor statistics
View My Stats




Copyright © Research Center Web-Dev Team