CARBON FOOTPRINT ANALYSIS OF A T-45 HOUSE IN KUPANG

LAPENANGGA Apridus, SATWIKO Prasasto




Abstract


Carbon dioxide (CO2 and CO2e) concentration in the atmosphere steadily increases and, in some places, has passed 360ppm, which is the limiting point agreed by world leaders to slow down and stop global warming. Housing sectors have been claimed to emit significant amounts of CO2. This paper reports a research on the carbon footprint of a T-45 house in Kupang. The research calculated in detail the carbon emission of the house since its pre-construction stage (design process), construction stage, to the post-construction stage (house operation from year one to year 25). The T-45 house was selected as this type is the smallest standard house for a family of three in Indonesia. Literature, survey and analytical methods were adopted. The research found that the longer the house was used, the lower the carbon emission borne by each occupant per year. From year one to year 25, the total carbon emission borne by each occupant decreased from 3,590,793.44 to 145,568.38 kgCO2 per year. The construction stage emits a considerable amount of CO2 so that its carbon footprint still dominates the proportion of carbon emission per year per occupant, 98.61%. In the construction stage, use of cement in the wall and concrete structure works contributes the largest proportion of carbon emission, 96.7%. Therefore, using locally available construction materials, in particular, natural ones with less or zero carbon emission, is highly recommended.


Keywords


Carbon footprint; climate change; detailed calculation; remote location; T-45 housing.

References


BAPPEDA. (2009). Revisi RTRW Kota Kupang, Badan Perencanaan Pembangunan Daerah Kota Kupang, Kupang.[CrossRef]

BPKIMI. (2012). Draft Petunjuk Teknis Perhitungan Emisi Gas Rumah Kaca di Sektor Industri, Badan Pengkajian Kebijakan Iklim dan Mutu Industri, Jakarta. [CrossRef]

BPS. (2015). Kota Kupang Dalam Angka 2014, Badan Pusat Statistik Kota Kupang, Kupang. [CrossRef]

C2ES. (2015). Outcomes of the U.N. Climate Change Conference in Paris, Center for Climate and Energy Solutions, Paris. [CrossRef]

CECCIAQPH. (2011). Climate Change, the Indoor Environment, and Health, Committee on the Effect of Climate Change on Indoor Air Quality and Public Health, The National Academies Press, Washington, D.C. [CrossRef]

Davis, L.W., Gertler, P.J. (2015). Contribution of Air Conditioning Adoption to Future Energy Use under Global Warming, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 112(19), p. 5962-5967. [CrossRef]

Frick, H., Suskiyatno, F.B. (2007). Dasar-dasar Arsi-tektur Ekologis: Konsep Pembangunan Berkelanjutan dan Ramah Lingkungan, Seri Eko-Arsitektur 1, Kanisius, Yogyakarta. [CrossRef]

Hansen, J. et al. (2013). Assessing “Dangerous Climate Change”: Required Reduction of Carbon Emissions to Protect Young People, Future Generations and Nature. Plos one.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0081648.[CrossRef]

http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/; accessed Nov 1, 2016.[CrossRef]

http://www. worldbank.org/; accessed Nov 1, 2016.[CrossRef]

IPCC. (2006). General Guidance and Reporting, Volume 1. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Geneve.[CrossRef]

MPPWRI. (2002). Keputusan Menteri Permukiman dan Prasarana Wilayah Republik Indonesia, Nomor: 403/KPTS/M/2002 Tentang Pedoman Teknis Pembangunan Rumah Sederhana Sehat(Rs Sehat), Menteri Permukiman dan Prasarana Wilayah Republik Indonesia, Jakarta.[CrossRef]

Schreuder, Y. (2009). The Corporate Greenhouse: Climate Change Policy in a Globalizing World, Zed Books, London.[CrossRef]

UNEP. (2009). Buildings and Climate Change, United Nations Environment Programme, Milan.[CrossRef]

Wiedmann, T., Minx, J. (2007). A Definition of 'Carbon Footprint', ISA UK Research Report 07-01.[CrossRef]


Full Text: PDF

Template DIMENSI

The Journal is published by The Institute of Research & Community Outreach - Petra Christian University. It available online supported by Directorate General of Higher Education - Ministry of National Education - Republic of Indonesia.

©All right reserved 2016.Dimensi, ISSN: 0126-219X, e-ISSN: 2338-7858

 

shopify visitor statistics
View My Stats




Copyright © Research Center Web-Dev Team